Accession Number : AD0624025


Title :   THE ADSORPTION OF N-OCTADECYLAMINE, N-OCTADECANOIC ACID, AND N-OCTADECYL ALCOHOL FROM NONAQUEOUS SOLUTION ONTO HYDRATED AND DEHYDRATED METAL OXIDE SURFACES.


Descriptive Note : Interim rept.,


Corporate Author : NAVAL RESEARCH LAB WASHINGTON D C


Personal Author(s) : Bascom,W. D.


Report Date : 05 OCT 1965


Pagination or Media Count : 16


Abstract : A study has been made of the adsorption of the normal C18 amine, acid, and alcohol from hydrocarbon solution onto freshly polished stainless steel, iron, nickel, chromium, and platinum surfaces as a function of substrate pretreatment. The pretreatment consisted of maintaining the polished surface for 3 hours in a helium or air environment at selected temperatures ranging from ambient to 320C. Isolation of the monolayer-covered surface was accomplished by the method of retraction, and the degree of coverage was determined by measuring the contact angle. Treatment of the metal surface at temperatures from 25 to 200C resulted in a more-or-less continuous decline in ability to adsorb a close-packed monolayer of the amine. Above 200C, however, amine adsorption increased with increasing pretreatment temperature except on platinum. The regain in amine adsorption is believed to be connected with oxide film growth. In anhydrous solution neither the alcohol nor the acid formed a close-packed monolayer. On the other hand, it was possible to obtain a monolayer and even crystallites of octadecanoic acid when the substrate was heavily hydrated and the adsorbate solution was saturated with water. (Author)


Descriptors :   (*ORGANIC COMPOUNDS, ADSORPTION), (*METALS, OXIDES), (*SURFACE PROPERTIES, OXIDES), SURFACE PROPERTIES, STAINLESS STEEL, IRON, NICKEL, CHROMIUM, PLATINUM, OXIDES, AMINES, ALCOHOLS, CARBOXYLIC ACIDS, SOLVENTS, HYDROCARBONS


Subject Categories : PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY


Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE