Headquarters Allied Land Forces Central Europe (LANDCENT), was activated in Heidelberg on 1 July 1993.
This measure was taken within the framework of the changes in NATO's integrated command structure, arising from the "New Strategic Concept" which the Alliance had adopted at the Rome Summit in 1991. LANDCENT, Headquarters Allied Air Forces Central Europe (AIRCENT, Ramstein, GE) and Headquarters Baltic Approaches (BALTAP, Karup, Denmark), form the Principle Subordinate Command I (PSC) level under HQ Allied Forces Central Europe (AFCENT, Brunssum, NL). Headquarters LANDCENT is composed of seven nations (Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Netherlands, U.K. and U.S.) and a French Military Mission.
In November 1991, the heads of state and government adopted the "New Strategic Concept" at the Summit in Rome. This new conceptual orientation led amongst other things, to fundamental changes both in the force and integrated command structure. The latter changes began in June of 1993, when HQ Central Army Group (CENTAG, Heidelberg, GE) and Northern Army Group (NORTHRAG, Monchengladbach, GE) as well as HQ Allied Air Forces Central Europe (AAFCE, Ramstein, GE) and 2 and 4 Allied Tactical Air Force (ATAF, Monchengladbach and Heidelberg, GE respectively) were deactivated and replaced by HQ LANDCENT and AIRCENT, under HQ AFCENT in Brunssum, Netherlands.
In January 1994, HQ BALTAP was transferred from Allied Forces North (AFNORTH. Oslo, NO) to the Central Region. On 1 July, 1994, the transformation of the command structure was completed when the former Allied Command Channel (ACCHAN, Northwood, U.K.), United Kingdom Air Forces (UKAIR, High Wycombe, U.K.) and AFNORTH were deactivated and HQ Allied Forces Northwest Europe (AFNORTHWEST) took over.
Commander LANDCENT is a four-star Gen. coming alternately from the Netherlands, Germany or the U.S. (currently U.S. Gen. William W. Crouch). The Chief of Staff and Deputy Commander is a Lt. Gen. and alternates between the same countries depending on the nationality of the Commander (currently Netherlands LTG Jan de Kleyn). A Belgian Maj. Gen. (MG Martial Vandamme) is Director of Operations. He is responsible for both the ŇOperations" and
"Intelligence" Divisions. He is assisted by a German Brig. Gen. as the Assistant Chief of Staff Operations (BG Ulrich Wolf). Director of Support is a British Maj. Gen. (MG John Drewienkiewicz). He is responsible for the "Logistics and Manpower" Division and the "Communications and Information Systems" Division, as well as for the "LC Signal Group" and the "LC Support Command." The Financial Controller (Mr. Rolf Glaremin) administers the Headquarters' finances.
Great importance is placed on jointness with HQ AIRCENT. Reciprocal liaison teams have therefore been established, both headed by officers in the rank of Brig. Gen. A German Brig. Gen. is the Land Element to AIRCENT ( BG Karl-Heinz Soukal). A British Air Commodore is the Air Element to LANDCENT (AC Richard Bogg). These elements are integrated in the two staffs to develop joint operations.
To deal with the special concerns of deployment on Peacekeeping missions, an American Brig. Gen. (BG Reginal Clemmons) works directly under the Chief of Staff as the Chief of Crisis Planning Staff. Further liaison Elements come from:
The area of responsibility extends for about 800 kilometers from the River Elbe in the North of Germany to the Swiss-Austrian boarder in the south. To the west it comprises the Benelux States. As of January 1995, the area includes the new German Federal States of the East.
|The staff is composed of 187 Officers, 496 Non-commissioned officers and other ranks and 24 NATO Civilians.|
|* Positions are unspecified by nationality|
|** Positions are rotational by nationality|
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